Executive functions is a fancy term that describes the skills needed for planning, organization, time management, getting started, persisting and completing tasks and monitoring our behaviour and performance.
Brain training has become a multi-million-dollar business, with brain game companies offering versions of "neuroscience-you-can-use". Can playing these games actually improve working memory? Several researchers say that although the concept can raise hopes, studies show that they may not do all that they promise.
Parents need to be aware of the research behind this movement and to remember that there is no 'one solution'.
In this video, Laurie Dietzel, one of the authors of Late, Lost and Unprepared, talks about executive functioning and how they are important for school and life success.
Look for the folder labelled Late, Lost and Unprepared - Dietzel and click on it. Then click on Executive Function and Dysfunction to watch.
In this comprehensive article, Dr. Russell Barkley explains how ADHD can be considered a disorder of self-regulation or executive functioning. He describes what self-regulation and executive functions are and provides suggestions for how to accommodate for these deficits with individuals who have ADHD.
National Centre for Learning Disabilities
This brief article provides an overview of working memory is, why it is important for academic and life success, and what parents should look for if they are questioning whether their child has a working memory deficit.
This brief annimated video, written by Alexandra Soranno, Lori Perkins and Mike Perkins, provides an entertaining explanation of executive functions and why they are important for daily living and personal success.
In this brief video, Dr. Barkley describes five executive functions that are impaired in individuals with ADHD.
Center on the Developing Child - Harvard University
This brief video describes what executive functions are and why they are important for child development, learning and social emotional success.